About Ethiopia

People: You will find more than 83 ethnic groups and different tribes in the country.

Festivals: There are colorful Christian and Islamic festivals.,especially in Northern Ethiopia for Christians and East Ethiopia for Muslim.

Alphabet: The Ethiopian alphabet is known as the Fidel. The Semitic languages of Ethiopia are related to both Hebrew and Arabic. The Ethiopian languages of this family are derived from Ge'ez, the language of the ancient Axumite Kingdom, which was also the language of the country's literature prior to the mid-nineteenth century, as well as part of most present-day church services.

Calendar/Time: Ethiopia has its own calendar. Ethiopia follows the Julian calendar instead of the Gregorian one used by Europe and the Americas. The New Year is September 11 (Meskerem 1), and end of year is September 10 [or Pagume 5 (6 in leap year)]. All of the 12 months have equal days of 30 and the 13th month of Pagume, hence known as the country of 13 months of sunshine. Ethiopia is 3 hours ahead of Greenwich Meridian Time. Time remains constant throughout the year. The Ethiopian day is calculated in a manner similar to that in many equatorial countries, where day and night are always the same length: counting starts at Western 6:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. Western 7:00 a.m. is therefore one o'clock, noon is six, 6:00 p.m. is twelve o'clock, and so on.

Language: Ethiopia is a multiethnic state with a variety of languages, of which there are over 83 with 200 dialects. The main three languages are Amharic, Oromifa and Tigrigna.

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